In India, almost 12 % of the population is expected to have urinary stones. 50% of these patients may have recurrent stones.
Kidney stones usually develop from extra build-up of calcium, uric acid, oxalates or phosphates in urine.
Causes of kidney stones:
- Recurrent kidney or urinary tract infections.
- Hot climate : increased solutes in urine
- Dehydration: People drinking less than the recommended 3-4 Litres of water per day may be susceptible to kidney stones
- Metabolic diseases : Hyperparathyroidism, Gout
Uncontrolled Diabetes leads to multiple infections. Infections of the Prostate leads to Prostatitis.
Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) is the enlargement of the prostate gland. This gland enlargement slowly applies pressure on the urethra to decrease the flow of urine. BPH is a normal aging process for men. In more than 50 % cases it causes urinary problems.. Mostly the symptoms can be managed by medicines but sometimes surgery is required.
Mild prolapse in its early stages can be treated non-surgically with strengthening exercises and physiotherapy. Surgery is required if the ligaments are torn or the prolapse occurs in a late stage.