A balanced diet comprising not only Carbohydrates, Proteins and Fats but also minerals and vitamins in appropriate amounts are extremely important to stay healthy.
A minimum intake of 20-35 g of fiber is conducive for long-term good health .WHO Committee on chronic degenerative diseases recommended a daily intake of 30 g dietary fiber. An intake in excess of 60 g of fiber over a day can reduce the absorption of nutrients and may cause irritation in the bowel and also lead to diarrhoea. The intake of 40 g/ 2000 kcal may be rationalized in different groups based on recommended energy intake.
Folic acid, Calcium, Iron & Protein are required in higher quantities in pregnant women. Apart from supplements, green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits are also recommended.