Bangalore, officially Bengaluru, is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Karnataka. Being the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India, Bangalore (previously nicknamed “Pensioners’ Paradise”) is now the “Silicon Valley of India”. It has a population of more than 8 million, making it the third most populous city in India. Located on the Deccan Plateau, at a height of over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, Bangalore has a pleasant climate throughout the year. Its elevation is the highest among the major cities of India. The city boasts of being a home to many educational and research institutions, numerous state-owned aerospace and defence organisations, the Kannada film industry and is also a hub of sporting events.
The region of modern-day Bangalore dates back to the fourth century when the region was ruled by the Western Ganga dynasty of Karnataka, the first dynasty to set up effective control over the region, following which there were twenty-eight kings who ruled the area from the start of the Christian era until its conquest by the Cholas. However, modern Bangalore was begun in 1537 by a vassal of the Vijayanagara Empire, Kempe Gowda I.
Bangalore has a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Due to its high elevation, Bangalore usually enjoys a more moderate climate throughout the year, although occasional heat waves can make summer somewhat uncomfortable. The coolest month is January with an average low temperature of 15.1 °C and the hottest month is April with an average high of 35 °C.
The official language of Bangalore is Kannada, spoken by 42.05% of the population. The second-largest language is Tamil, spoken by 16.34% of the population. English is extensively spoken and is the principal language of the professional and business class.
Bangalore is served by Kempegowda International Airport, the 3rd busiest airport in India.
Railways and Metro –
Bangalore’s Namma Metro provides fast and easy connectivity throughout the city. Though still in its expanding phase, Namma Metro currently covers the 3rd longest metro route of the country.
Bangalore is a divisional headquarters in the South Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. There are four major railway stations in the city: Krantiveera Sangolli Rayanna Railway Station; Bangalore Cantonment Railway Station; Yeshwantpur Junction and Krishnarajapuram Railway Station, connecting the city to different parts of India.
Buses operated by Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) are a staple of city public transport.
Bangalore is known as the “Garden City of India” because of its greenery, broad streets, and presence of many public parks, such as Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park. Biannual flower shows are held at the Lal Bagh Botanical Gardens during the weeks of India’s Republic Day and Independence Day. Bangalore Karaga or “Karaga Shaktyotsava” is one of Bangalore’s oldest festivals and is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Draupadi.
Karnataka Rajyotsava is widely celebrated on 1 November and is a public holiday in the city, to mark the formation of Karnataka state on 1 November 1956.
Other popular festivals in Bangalore are Ugadi, Ram Navami, Eid ul-Fitr, Ganesh Chaturthi, St. Mary’s feast, Dussehra, Deepawali and Christmas.
Bangalore’s social and economic diversity is reflected in its cuisine. Roadside vendors, tea stalls, and South Indian, North Indian, Chinese and Western fast food are all popular. Udupi restaurants are popular and serve predominantly vegetarian, regional cuisine. Bangalore is also home to many vegan restaurants and vegan activist groups.
Top Attractions in Bengaluru
This 45,000 sq. ft. majestic palace is one of the most amazing things to enjoy in Bangalore. Indian, Scottish, and Gothic styles of architecture beautifully blend together here along with Roman arches, pillars, and vine-covered walls.
Tipu Sultan Palace
It’s a surreal experience walking on the same grounds as the famous ruler Tipu Sultan. Enjoy discovering grand arches, carved walls & frescos, and immense balconies at the ‘Abode of Happiness’.
An initiative of the ruler Tipu Sultan, this 17th century Botanical Garden is one of the best things to do in Bangalore. Beautiful flower beds and ponds, a 3,000-million-year-old rock (amongst the oldest in the world) and over 1,000 exotic plants belonging to Afghanistan and Persia are just some of the things making Lal Bagh a must-see during your stay at Bangalore.
Bannerghatta National Park
One of the best places in Bangalore to observe nature in its entire raw wilderness is at Bannerghatta National Park. The park houses animals in its zoo, rescue centre, and in safari zones.
NIMHANS Brain Museum
Medical science museum with human brain samples, live neuroanatomy demonstrations & guided tours.