A report titled ‘Three new estimates of India’s all-cause excess mortality during the Covid-19 pandemic’ was released by the Washington-based think tank Center for Global Development. It was authored by Justin Sandefur, India’s former Chief Economic Adviser Arvind Subramanian, and Abhishek Anand, from the Harvard University. The report points towards severe underreporting of cases across the country, and called the second wave ‘the worst tragedy since India’s partition in 1947’.  India’s official COVID-19 death toll by the end of June 2021 stood at 4,00,000, however, real number are estimated to range from about 1 million to 6 million deaths overall, with central estimates varying between 3.4 to 4.9 million deaths.